Mussolini asserted there was a "natural law" for stronger peoples to subject and dominate "inferior" peoples such as the "barbaric" Slavic peoples of Yugoslavia.
But he was recognized and, together with his mistress, Claretta Petacci, who had insisted on remaining with him to the end, he was shot and killed on April 28, The result was an extensive and ignominious defeat, and the Germans were forced unwillingly to extricate him from its consequences.
Nice, Ticino, and Dalmatia; red: He had certainly been aided by a favourable combination of circumstances, both political and economic; but his remarkable and sudden success also owed something to his own personality, to native instinct and shrewd calculation, to astute opportunism, and to his unique gifts as an agitator.
Overall, he totaled about nine months of active, front-line trench warfare. His genius as a propagandist in the conduct of his foreign policy served him well at least through the Munich crisis of Later that day, Mussolini and other leading Fascists decided that four days later the Fascist militia would advance on Rome in converging columns led by four leading party members later to be known as the Quadrumviri.
The promotion was recommended because of his exemplary conduct and fighting quality, his mental calmness and lack of concern for discomfort, his zeal and regularity in carrying out his assignments, where he was always first in every task involving labor and fortitude.
When Italy accepted the terms of secret peace talks with the Allies, Hitler ordered German forces into Italy, which resulted in two Italian nations, one occupied by Germans.
He read widely and voraciously, if not deeply, plunging into the philosophers and theorists Immanuel KantBenedict de SpinozaPeter KropotkinFriedrich NietzscheG. He made it clear, however, that he intended to govern authoritatively.
This was his initial line. The Matteotti crisis shook Mussolini, but he managed to maintain his hold on power. Anyone who could not be prosecuted for a crime was detained for up to five years and placed in island internment camps.
He was the ideal editor of Avanti! This novel he co-wrote with Santi Corvaja, and was published as a serial book in the Trento newspaper Il Popolo.
Many Italians, especially among the middle class, welcomed his authority. The political crisis of the postwar years provided an opportunity for militant, patriotic movements, including those of ex-servicemen and former assault troops, students, ex-syndicalists, and former pro-war agitators.
The entire section is 2, words.
As the Fascist movement built a broad base of support around the powerful ideas of nationalism and anti-Bolshevism, Mussolini began planning to seize power at the national level.
The architect of Fascist propaganda and ultimately its most tragic victim was of course Mussolini himself. Because the teachers at the village school could not control him, he was sent to board with the strict Salesian order at Faenza, where he proved himself more troublesome than ever, stabbing a fellow pupil with a penknife and attacking one of the Salesians who had attempted to beat him.
He was a bully at school and moody at home. For this reason he was accused of moral and political unworthiness and the party thereupon decided to expel him The costs of this order were, however, enormous.
His achievements were considered little less than miraculous. He dissolved the government and asked Mussolini to form a new one.
In such circumstances the class movement finds itself impaired by an inauspicious historic climate. The campaign to support the German invasion of the Soviet Union also failed disastrously and condemned thousands of ill-equipped Italian troops to a nightmarish winter retreat.
He tried to cross the frontier disguised as a German soldier in a convoy of trucks retreating toward Innsbruck, in Austria.
This repression hit moderate Liberals and Catholics as well as Socialists. As a compromise with his mother, Mussolini was sent to a boarding school run by Salesian monks.Overview An acclaimed historian offers a novel look at Mussolini whose importance, charisma and achievements, according to Hoyt, have been overshadowed by his flagrant personality and excesses.
Goes beyond the storied histrionics to reveal a man with a first class mind and a shrewd understanding of the European scene. Watch video · By April 25,Benito Mussolini’s dream of re-creating the Roman Empire, much like the crumbling Roman Forum itself, lay in ruins.
Benito Mussolini, in full Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini, byname Il Duce (Italian: “The Leader”), (born July 29,Predappio, Italy—died April 28,near Dongo), Italian prime minister (–43) and the first of 20th-century Europe’s fascist dictators.
Alessandra Mussolini, daughter of Romano Mussolini, Benito Mussolini's fourth son, and of Anna Maria Scicolone, Sophia Loren's sister, has been a member of the European Parliament for the far-right Social Alternative movement, a deputy in the Italian lower chamber and served in the Senate as a member of Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia party.
Chronologically, the book covers three general periods, including the consolidation of Mussolini’s dictatorship, ; the establishment of the short-lived Fascist Empire and the alliance with Adolf Hitler, the Nazi dictator, ; and Mussolini’s participation in World War II, Defender of the peace --Southward the course of empire --The end of the triple entente --Europe in chaos --Italy and WWII --Mussolini invades Greece.
5. 5. Decline.Download