Thus, by judging him guilty, the court obviously acted unjustly. Therefore, an order has the force of law only when it is just. He cared about his moral convictions above and beyond the duty or parameters of the political and legal obligations and restraints, on a citizen member of a society.
Socrates never intentionally broke Athenian laws, he was charged with crimes that he was not aware he was committing and he even argues against committing those crimes to the Athenian court instead of simply accepting the penalty for those crimes. Socrates believed that justice was indivisible and that it is naturally transmitted from the law into judicial decisions.
Should one obey the law just because it is the law? After making this statement, the next step is to use it to demonstrate that there is a moral obligation to obey civil law. Much might be said, especially by an orator, in defense of the law which makes judicial decisions supreme.
Moreover, another aspect of this preface to civil disobedience worth consideration is the practical example that King gives of just and unjust laws. Recall that the Athenian court held Socrates on trial for the crimes of not believing in God and for corrupting the youth.
We talked about their different positions. Secondly, he explains the relationship between the law and the individual is contractual. We spent the bulk of our time talking about exactly how to characterize the disobedience that King had in mind.
Here, King defines the justness of a law as dependent on its adherence to moral principles and on the effects that it achieves or brings for individuals and society.
In other words, King did not seek to go outside of the normal process to install a new government friendly to the civil rights movement. The school of natural law tended to deny the status of laws to unjust laws, but since this is not of the utmost importance, further discussion about the notion of law will be omitted from this paper.
In the course of centuries, the dilemma gave rise to two, frequently opposed, schools of legal thought: King on civil disobedience King thought that at least some kinds of disobedience in some circumstances could improve the laws rather than harming them.
Civil disobedience is necessarily calculated.
If unjust decisions became a regular practice within a given state and its legal system, then a question could be raised about the justification of the existence of such a state and such a legal system. Socrates even argues fervently against breaking any laws and against having willingly committed crimes in the face of his Athenian accusers.
In order to make his conclusion valid and thus justify his decision not to escape, Socrates tried to strengthen his argument by premise 5.Discuss with students their own sympathies for these two characters and the moral principles they represent. To what extent does Crito equate the good with whatever is good for him and his friends?
In what sense is The Law that Socrates invokes the same as what we refer to as "conscience"? Is there similar evidence of an obligation to.
Read this Philosophy Essay and over 88, other research documents. Socrates: Moral Obligation to Civil Law. The Socratic dialogues deal with the definition of certain types of virtue, and how these specific virtues (for example, courage.
Socrates and Legal Obligation (review) Paul Woodruff Journal of the History of Philosophy, Volume 21, Number 1, Januarythere was no established law but the law of Athens from which Socrates could have enjoyed full benefits. As Allen puts it, the Crito establishes a moral obligation to obey positive law, whereas the Apology admits.
Socrates on legal obligation Socrates’s understanding of legal obligation rests a lot on analogies with personal morality. He holds that there are two reasons why we are obliged to obey the laws.
socrates' moral obligation to civil law In the Crito, Socrates gives an explanation about why he must remain in his jail cell and accept his sentence by using moral reasoning. The most important facet in his argument is the claim (which the interlocutor Crito quickly agrees to) that it is never justified to do evil.4/4(1).
“A just law is a man made code that square with the moral law or the law of God. law to show the injustice of a law, Socrates could not have acted in civil disobedience. his obligation.Download