Even if Christian and post-Christian moralists turn their attention to self-expression, he thought they tend to focus on the confession of truth about oneself, a mode of expression which is historically linked to the church and the modern psycho-sciences.
He thinks that adaptationist explanations for religion do not meet the criteria for adaptations. The Counter-Reformation in Roman Catholic Europe, on the other hand, took the work of Aquinas as authoritative for education.
This makes the current climate more hospitable to religious language than it was for most of the twentieth century. As in Plato, the well-being of the city takes precedence over the individual, and this, too, is justified theologically.
From this principle he derived more radical conclusions than Locke had done. So what does the relation between morality and religion look like in Homer? Humans have an initial predisposition to the good, which is essential to them, but is overlaid with a propensity to evil, which is not essential to them.
This does not mean that he intended to reduce Biblical faith to morality, though some scholars have taken him this way. Finnis holds that our knowledge of the fundamental moral truths is self-evident, and so is not deduced from human nature.
They are not Roman Catholic but they are strongly influenced by Aristotle and Aquinas. Human disobedience is not explained in the text, except that the serpent says to Eve that they will not die if they eat the fruit, but will be like God, knowing good and evil, and Eve sees the fruit as good for food and pleasing to the eye and desirable for gaining wisdom.
It is tempting to simplify this contrast by saying that the Greeks favor the good, in their account of the relation of morality and religion, and the Judeo-Christian account favors the right or obligation.
On this view there are no outside commands to appeal to for legitimation, and we are condemned to our own freedom. Both groups are motivated by the desire for honor and glory, and are accordingly jealous when they receive less than they think they should while others receive more, and work ceaselessly to rectify this.
Left Hegelians rejected it, and with it the Protestant Christianity which they saw as its vehicle. To love others we have to love ourselves as Christ implies for us to.
His argument hinges on the premise that religion develops to fill the human need for security. He considered two solutions, psychological and metaphysical. There are also, however, other sections of the Republic in which Plato envisages another softer role for music broadly construed to include also literature and poetry as a counterbalance to an excess of physical education, which can produce "savagery and hardness.
Augustine accepted that the Platonists taught, like the beginning of the prologue of John, that the Word in Greek, logos is with God and is God, since the Intellect is the mediating principle between the One and the Many John 1: Moreover, we inevitably desire to choose not just for ourselves, but for the world.
Think through the steps you would take to put this character into action in a specific instance, or, to improve it. It is true that the notion of obligation makes most sense against the background of command.RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN MORALS, RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY In this paper, I introduce some of the assumed relationships between morals, religion and spirituality, noted in literature about educational leadership.
states that educators need to acknowledge “the profound relationship between the moral, the religious, and the spiritual. Strictly speaking, psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of the religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals.
The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up in terms of the classic distinction. Finally, Stage 3 religious thinking becomes possible with the advent of formal operational thought.
Typically beginning in preadolescence or early adolescence, Stage 3 is characterized by the capacity for understanding abstract concepts and for personal reflection and exploration of religious beliefs, values, and practices.
From the beginning of the Abrahamic faiths and of Greek philosophy, religion and morality have been closely intertwined. This is true whether we go back within Greek philosophy or within Christianity and Judaism and Islam.
Philosophy, Science and Religion: Philosophy and Religion from The University of Edinburgh. Philosophy, Science and Religion mark three of the most fundamental modes of thinking about the world and our place in it. Are these modes incompatible?. Spiritual values and practices related to leadership effectiveness Laura Reave University of Western Ontario, Canada p.
45). Religion focuses more upon the specific group and the organization, while spirituality is more generic, and may even encompass more Bass & Steidlmeir (): moral character of the leaders, ethical legitimacy of.Download